This photograph shows Mexican citizens harvesting potatoes in central Oregon during World War II. In 1942, the United States government negotiated with Mexico to import workers in order to alleviate a serious national agricultural labor shortage. The Mexican Farm Labor Program was more commonly known as the Bracero program, translated …
Women Cherry Pickers during World War II
For farmers and orchardists in Oregon, labor shortages during World War II threatened to leave vegetables and grains rotting in the fields and unpicked fruit on the trees. Many men were drafted into the armed forces, and workers who traditionally traveled from farm to farm during harvesting seasons were settling in the cities to work in wartime industries.
The federal government recognized the crisis and helped by creating several labor organizations to recruit people into the farms and fields. Women and children were targeted, and they signed up by the tens of thousands. Some women joined the Women's Land Army, administered in Oregon by the OSC (now Oregon State University) Extension Service; others volunteered as part of the Victory Food Program.
These young women were likely using their school break to help pick cherries at an orchard west of Salem. Portland Public Schools, among other Oregon school districts, organized "platoons" of student workers. The Oregonian reported in the summer of 1943 that seventy-five platoons, with about thirty pickers in each platoon, were working in the fields around Portland. Without their labor, Oregon's farmers would not have met the wartime production quotas set by the state and federal governments.
Written by A.E. Platt © Oregon Historical Society, 2016
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This entry was last updated on March 17, 2018