Skip to main content
Catalog No. —
OrHist 9081
Date —
June 11, 1981
Era —
1921-1949 (Great Depression and World War II), 1950-1980 (New Economy, Civil Rights, and Environmentalism), 1981-Present (Recent Oregon History)
Themes —
Black History, Transportation and Communication, Women
Credits —
Oregon Historical Society
Regions —
Columbia River Portland Metropolitan
Author —
Christine Poole & Madeline Moore, Oral Historians

Beatrice Marshall's Oral History

Beatrice Marshall was interviewed by Christine Poole and Madeline Moore as part of the Northwest Women’s History Project.  In this transcribed excerpt of her interview, she recalls her experiences in Portland’s shipbuilding industry during World War II.  An unabridged version of this transcript can be viewed at the Oregon Historical Society’s research library.

After receiving specialized training for war-time industrial labor, Beatrice Marshall and her sister Ida moved to Portland to exploit their new skills in the city’s shipbuilding industry.  Because the war had sapped the nation’s industrial workforce of a large portion of its male workers, industrialists like Henry J. Kaiser, began to hire women in large numbers.  Like many other women, Beatrice and Ida hoped to take advantage of the newfound employment opportunities.  Unfortunately, the two sisters found that the color of their skin precluded them from most job prospects that were available to white women. Regardless of their specialized training, they were confined to jobs that required them to either push a broom, scrub floors, or scrape paint.

Further Reading:
Kesselman, Amy Vita. Fleeting Opportunities: Women Shipyard Workers in Portland and Vancouver during World War II and Reconversion. Albany, N.Y., 1990.

“Collections: Oral History Interview: Kathryn Hall Bogle on the African-American Experience in Wartime Portland.” Oregon Historical Society 93, 1993: 394 – 405.

“Reminiscence: Pat Koehler on the Women Shipbuilders of World War II.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 91, 1990: 285–291.

Honey, Maureen. Creating Rosie the Riveter: Class, Gender, and Propaganda During WW II. Amherst, Mass., 1984.

Written by Joshua Binus, © Oregon Historical Society, 2003.