This photograph, which shows workers packing apples into boxes, is identified by a hand-written note on the back as being “probably Hood River.” The photographer either was Benjamin A. Gifford, his son Ralph, or possibly one of the employees of Gifford’s Portland studio. Gifford took photographs in Oregon between 1900 …
Women Packing Cherries, Hood River
The fruit industry has been an important part of the Hood River economy since the late nineteenth century. This early twentieth century photograph shows women working as cherry packers in a Hood River warehouse. Several men are also shown. The people in the photograph might have been relatives working for their family orchard, or it is possible that they were seasonal wage laborers.
While women have always worked unpaid on family farms and in home businesses, they began to enter the wage labor force in greater numbers in the late nineteenth century when more jobs became available to them. Many of the jobs were low paying, menial labor — work in factories, laundries, canneries, and as domestic servants. Middle-class white women also found work as telephone operators, teachers, clerks, nurses, librarians, and social workers. A much smaller percentage of women went into professional vocations, becoming doctors and lawyers.
In 1900, census records reported that twenty percent of American women were working outside of their homes. In Oregon, the 1900 census showed only 136 women working as agricultural laborers. However, historians have estimated that a large number of working women were actually uncounted by the censuses because they worked with their husbands and families on farms and in small businesses.
Written by Kathy Tucker, © Oregon Historical Society, 2002.
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This entry was last updated on March 17, 2018